Britain has develop into wetter and hotter on account of local weather change, with the nation’s 10 hottest years in additional than a century occurring since 2002, a report by main meteorologists mentioned Thursday.
The annual “State of the UK Local weather” report, revealed within the Worldwide Journal of Climatology, mentioned 2020 was the fifth wettest and third-warmest yr on document stretching again to the 19th century. Final yr’s common winter temperature was 5.three levels Celsius (41.5 levels Fahrenheit), 1.6 levels Celsius larger than the 1981 to 2010 common.
The summer season temperature was 0.four levels above common at 14.eight C (58.6 F), with temperatures hitting 34 C (93.2 F) for six consecutive days in August 2020.
The report mentioned summer season temperatures in Britain had been prone to hit 40 C (104 F) within the coming years, even when the world meets its purpose of limiting international warming to 1.5 levels Celsius above pre-industrial ranges.
The best temperature ever recorded within the UK is 38.7 C (101.7 F), registered in Cambridge in July 2019.
Liz Bentley, chief govt of the Royal Meteorological Society, mentioned the world was already seeing excessive warmth on account of warming of 1.1 to 1.2 levels Celsius above pre-industrial ranges.
“We’re prone to see 40 Celsius within the UK, though we’ve by no means seen these sorts of temperatures (earlier than),” Bentley mentioned. “As we hit 1.5 Celsius of world warming, that’s going to not simply develop into one thing that we see a few times, it’ll begin to develop into one thing that we see on a way more common foundation.”
Met Workplace local weather scientist Mike Kendon, the report’s lead creator, mentioned the figures indicated a brand new regular for the UK, a rustic well-known for its fickle climate.
“In seven out of the final 10 years, we’ve seen temperatures of 34 C within the UK in comparison with seven out of the earlier 50 years earlier than that,” he mentioned. “So this is a sign of the truth that our baseline of our local weather is altering, and what we regard as regular is altering.”