New Delhi, October 9
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Analysis (CSIR) and KPIT Applied sciences efficiently ran trials of India’s first Hydrogen Gasoline Cell (HFC) prototype automotive operating on an indigenously developed gasoline cell stack, a press release mentioned on Saturday.
The HFC know-how makes use of chemical reactions between hydrogen and oxygen (from air) to generate electrical vitality, eliminating the usage of fossil fuels.
Additional, the gasoline cell know-how emits solely water, thus reducing down the emission of dangerous greenhouse gases together with different air pollution.
The gasoline cell is a low-temperature PEM (Proton Change Membrane) sort that operates at 65-75 levels Celsius, which is appropriate for vehicular purposes.
The CSIR and the KPIT have developed a 10 kWe (Kilowatt-electric) automotive grade LT-PEMFC (low-temperature PEM gasoline cell) stack based mostly on the CSIR’s know-how.
“The guts of the PEM gasoline cell know-how consists of the membrane electrode meeting, which is wholly a CSIR know-how.
“KPIT introduced of their experience in stack engineering which included lightweight steel bipolar plate and gasket design, improvement of the stability of plant (BoP), system integration, management software program and electrical powertrain that enabled operating the gasoline cell automobile,” learn the assertion.
“The gasoline cell stack makes use of extraordinarily skinny steel bipolar plates, thus lowering the stack weight by about two-thirds,” it added.
In 2016, Nationwide Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune, and Central Electro Chemical Analysis Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi – each CSIR labs – as a part of the Business Originated Challenge (IOP) class of the New Millennium Indian Know-how Management Initiative (NMITLI) scheme partnered with the KPIT for the event of an automotive grade PEM Gasoline Cell know-how.
“The HFC know-how, with additional adoption and use, is poised to make the world a cleaner place with lowered air air pollution ranges,” learn the assertion.
The trials have been run on a battery-electric passenger automotive platform retrofitted with the gasoline cell stack.
Nevertheless, it’s anticipated that the know-how is extra suited to industrial autos (CV) akin to buses and vans. Battery electrical buses/vans require a big battery to realize the specified working vary.
As compared, HFC know-how requires a a lot smaller battery for a really massive working vary. Therefore, HFC know-how presents extra promise for the industrial automobile phase, mentioned the assertion.
“The FC automobile is fitted with a Sort III industrial hydrogen tank. Its capability is round 1.75 Kg of H2 saved at about 350 bar strain and the FC automobile ought to run for about 250 km vary below typical Indian street circumstances at reasonable pace of 60-65 kmph.
“Your complete gasoline cell stack and its related parts with the powertrain have been retro-fitted in a typical 5-seater sedan automotive,” the assertion added.
KPIT Chairman Ravi Pandit mentioned the know-how had a terrific future and owing to its indigenous improvement, was anticipated to be extra commercially viable than ever earlier than.
CSIR-NCL Director Ashwini Kumar Nangia mentioned the time had come for renewable vitality based mostly on hydrogen as gasoline to energy transportation within the nation.
This can scale back the petrol and diesel import invoice, whereas hydrogen is the cleanest gasoline with water as the one by-product. PTI