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HomePunjabDecreasing rainfall in Punjab’s lower Shivalik region could hit crop production: Study

Decreasing rainfall in Punjab’s lower Shivalik region could hit crop production: Study

Vijay Mohan

Press Reporter News Service

Chandigarh, September 27

A examine by consultants from the Punjab Agricultural College (PAU), Ludhiana, confirmed erratic behaviour and statistically important lowering tendencies in month-to-month and seasonal rainfall in decrease Shivalik area of the state, which may adversely influence agriculture within the space.

The examine recorded a lower of 12 to 17 mm yearly and of 9 to 14 mm within the monsoon over a 15-year interval. Within the kharif the lower in rainfall was 9 to 15 mm the place as within the rabi season it was three to five mm. In winters the lower was 1 to 2 mm. A lot of the rainfall within the areas beneath examine was obtained within the monsoon season.

“Because the agriculture beneath the examine areas is totally depending on rainfall, the declining tendencies coincide with the totally different crop progress phases and cultural operations which finally have an effect on the crop manufacturing in these areas,” the examine noticed.

“Subsequently, farmers must undertake totally different methods akin to rain water harvesting, planting much less water requiring and quick length crops/cultivars to deal with the lowering rainfall and to keep away from the dangers of crop failure,” it cautioned.

Authored by three consultants from PAU’s Regional Analysis Station, SBS Nagar, the examine has been revealed by the India Meteorological Division (IMD) within the newest problem of its in-house journal.

The decrease Shivalik area of Punjab, generally referred to as Kandi area, constitutes shut to eight per cent within the north jap area of Punjab and lies in 5 districts—Pathankot, Hoshiarpur, SBS Nagar, Rupnagar and SAS Nagar.

“The agriculture on this area is rain fed and behavior of rainfall is altering resulting from local weather change. The detection of present sample of rainfall in altering state of affairs of local weather, by way of annual, seasonal and decadal foundation actually has nice significance on the native, regional and nationwide scales, as a result of related crucial socioeconomic penalties,” the examine mentioned.

The likelihood of discount in productiveness will increase with the erratic behaviour of rainfall by way of frequency, depth and distribution. The shortage in water availability resulting from delays within the onset of the wet season, dry spells through the moist season and discount within the size of the rising season ends in crop failure, in response to the examine.

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