| New Delhi |
Up to date: October 17, 2020 8:52:49 am
Meteorological situations in Delhi have been “extraordinarily unfavourable” in September and thus far in October as in comparison with final yr, which has helped within the rise of air pollution ranges, Central Air pollution Management Board member secretary Prashant Gargava mentioned on Friday.Knowledge shared by Gargava throughout a press briefing confirmed that the principle meteorological elements that assist in dispersion of pollution have been weaker between September 1 and October 14 this yr as in comparison with the identical interval in 2019.
“Focus of PM2.5 and PM10 in October and September was a lot increased than the identical interval in 2019,” Gargava mentioned.The meteorological elements that decide accumulation and dispersion of pollution embrace the variety of wet days, air flow index, wind velocity and mixing peak. The whole quantity of rainfall within the interval between September 1 and October 14 was 121 mm final yr in seven wet days, whereas this yr it was simply 21 mm in three wet days.
Rain helps in settling down mud and different pollution suspended within the air. Air flow index — the sum of blending depth and wind velocity, which is used to forecast the ambiance’s potential to disperse pollution — additionally remained low this yr.
A air flow index under 6,000 sqm/second with common wind velocity lower than 10 kmph is taken into account unfavourable for dispersion of pollution. In September this yr, the typical air flow index was 1,334 sqm/second as in comparison with 1,850 sqm/second final yr.
Between October 1 and 14, the typical air flow index was 1,389 sqm/second as in comparison with 1,626 sqm/second final yr.
Mixing depth is the vertical peak wherein pollution are suspended within the air. On chilly days with calm wind velocity, this peak reduces and leaves pollution suspended nearer to floor.
“If we have now extra mixing peak and extra winds, that’s good. If one in every of them reduces, then that creates an affect… In a landlocked space like Delhi, in winter, you have got completely no winds, and the blending depth additionally, which usually is far increased, upto 3,000 metres, will get decreased to 100-300 metres. So the (atmospheric) quantity wherein dispersion occurs will get suppressed. In winter, these two issues have an especially antagonistic affect, ” Gargava mentioned.
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