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Explained: How Punjab mandis procure more paddy than state produces; UP-Bihar link to this

Written by Anju Agnihotri Chaba
, Edited by Defined Desk | Jalandhar |

October 20, 2020 7:30:59 am


A grain market in Ludhiana. Authorities companies purchased 163.82 lakh tonnes of paddy in Punjab mandis in 2019-20. (Photograph by Gurmeet Singh)

For the previous few years, mandis in Punjab have been procuring at Minimal Assist Value (MSP) extra paddy (non-Basmati) than the state produces. It’s because a considerable amount of paddy from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar is illegally dropped at Punjab, to be offered on the greater worth it might fetch within the mandis right here.

A number of circumstances have been registered within the latest previous, together with throughout the present procurement season, towards this follow. The federal government’s motion typically ends at confiscating some vans, carrying a couple of thousand tonnes of paddy, and registering some circumstances.

The unlawful commerce, nonetheless, is of far quite a lot of thousand tonnes of paddy. If the whole manufacturing and complete buy of paddy in Punjab previously three years are taken into consideration, the determine of illegally offered paddy arrived at is in thousands and thousands of tonnes. How? The Indian The Press Reporter explains.

How a lot paddy was bought by the federal government in these years?

Nearly all of the crop dropped at mandis by the farmers is bought by the federal government. In Punjab, authorities companies purchased 163.82 lakh tonnes (LT), 170.46 LT and 179.56 LT paddy in 2019-20, 2018-19 and 2017-18 respectively, as per knowledge from the Meals Company of India (FCI), which purchases it for the central pool.

How a lot space was below paddy cultivation in Punjab in these three years?

Punjab agriculture division’s information present that 22.91 lakh hectares had been below paddy cultivation in 2019-20, 25.94 lakh hectares in 2018-19 and 25.19 lakh hectares in 2017-18.

What was the common paddy yield of the state?

In accordance with the state agriculture division, the whole common yield of paddy in Punjab was recorded at 6,635 kg (6.6 tonnes) per hectare in 2019-20, 6,532 kg (6.5 tonnes) in 2018-19 and 6,516 kg (6.5 tonnes) in 2017-18.

What needs to be the whole manufacturing of paddy in Punjab on this interval?

As per the crop reducing experiments throughout Punjab by the state agriculture division, the whole manufacturing needs to be 152 Lakh tonnes (15.2 million tonnes) in 2019-20, 169.44 LTs (16.9 Million tonnes) 2018-19 and 164.14 LTs (16.Four million tonnes) in 2017-18. Thus, in all of the three years, authorities companies bought extra paddy than Punjab’s complete manufacturing, as per the common yield.

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Specialists mentioned that even when we take 1% or 2% greater than the precise common yield (although the federal government’s estimates are kind of equal to the precise), the quantity of the paddy coming to mandis continues to be a lot greater.

Furthermore, farmers don’t carry their complete crop to mandis –– they maintain some for self-consumption and for seeds.

A senior officer within the Meals Company of India (FCI) mentioned: “Even when they maintain 2-Three million tonnes of the crop for self- consumption, one can properly think about how a lot additional paddy is being transported to Punjab, from Bihar and UP.”

Distinction in complete manufacturing and complete buy

In 2019-20, 11.82 lakh tonnes (1.2 million tonnes) extra paddy was offered in Punjab’s mandis than produced within the state. In 2018-19, the determine round 1.02 lakh tonnes, and in 2017-18, it was almost 15.42 lakh tonnes (1.5 million tonnes).

“If the quantity of paddy Punjab farmers consumed themselves can be factored in, the transportation from different states is just not lower than 4-5 million tonnes (40 to 50 lakh tonnes) yearly,” mentioned a senior officer within the state agriculture division.

Who’s getting this revenue?

In UP and Bihar, paddy is hardly procured by the federal government, and is offered a lot beneath the MSP to merchants.

In accordance with officers, a number of rice millers and numerous rice exporters, with the connivance of some procurement companies officers, are concerned within the Punjab racket.

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They get paddy in UP and Bihar on the fee of Rs 900 to Rs 1,200 per quintal, relying upon high quality. Including milling and transportation costs, it prices them round Rs 1,200 to Rs 1,500 per quintal. In Punjab, they promote at a far greater fee of the MSP, Rs 1,888 per quintal, illegally within the title of state’s farmers.

An official mentioned merchants sitting in Delhi are controlling the markets of UP and Bihar and facilitating the millers of Punjab. And such millers in Punjab are incomes Rs 400 to 600 per quintal by promoting the paddy to the federal government.

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