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HomeIndiaIndian military cannot operate effectively without Russian supplied equipment: CRS report

Indian military cannot operate effectively without Russian supplied equipment: CRS report

There was a substantial drop in India’s dependence on arms and equipments from Russia however the Indian army can not function successfully with out Russian-supplied gear and can proceed to depend on its weapons programs within the close to and center phrases, a Congressional Analysis Service (CRS) report has mentioned.

The report comes forward of a vital determination that the Biden administration has to tackle India shopping for army arms from Russia, whether or not it plans to impose sanctions towards the nation below the Countering America’s Adversaries By Sanctions Act (CAATSA) .

“Many analysts in India and past conclude that the Indian army can not function successfully with out Russian-supplied gear and can proceed to depend on Russian weapons programs within the close to and center phrases,” the unbiased CRS mentioned in a report ‘Russian Arms Gross sales and Protection Business’.

“As put by one senior American observer, New Delhi’s persevering with purchases ‘stay one of many few levers of affect that India nonetheless possesses vis-a-vis Moscow’. On this sense, a lot of Moscow’s affect in India comes by means of its willingness to supply weapons programs and applied sciences that no different nation will export to India. Russia additionally continues to supply superior weapons platforms at comparatively enticing charges,” the CRS mentioned.

The CRS prepares periodic reviews on numerous points utilizing unbiased topic specialists. Its reviews should not official reviews of the Congress and are ready to assist lawmakers take knowledgeable choices.

A graph confirmed that since 2015, below the Modi authorities, there was a constant drop in import of kit from Russia.

Noting that India’s plan to buy Russian-made S-400 air protection programs, in progress since 2016, may set off US sanctions below Part 231 of CAATSA, the CRS mentioned Indian planners seem to have concluded that options to the S-400 provided by Washington — the Patriot and THAAD programs — lack the purported vary and flexibility of the Russian gear.

“Regardless of a development away from Russian arms imports, India in late 2019 submitted USD 800 million towards the total USD 5.4 billion contract for S-400 programs (it additionally entered a brand new USD 3.1 billion contract for indigenous manufacturing of 464 Russian-designed T-90S tanks),” it mentioned.

The CRS mentioned current press reviews point out that New Delhi goes “full steam forward” with the induction of S-400 and added that the primary deliveries are set for autumn 2021, to be accomplished by early 2023.

It mentioned that in August 2021, Russian officers acknowledged that S-400 deliveries would start by the top of 2021.

The CRS report mentioned that since 2010, Russia has been the supply of practically two-thirds (62 per cent) of all Indian arms imports and India has been the biggest Russian arms importer, accounting for practically one-third (32 per cent) of all Russian arms exports, in response to SIPRI.

Between 2016 and 2020, India accounted for practically one-quarter (23 per cent) of Russia’s complete arms exports and Russia accounted for roughly half (49 per cent) of Indian imports, it mentioned.

The CRS report mentioned that in response to The Army Stability 2021, India’s current army arsenal is closely stocked with Russian-made or Russian-designed gear. The Indian Military’s important battle tank pressure consists predominantly of Russian T-72M1 (66 per cent) and T-90S (30 per cent), it mentioned.

The CRS mentioned the Indian Navy’s sole operational plane provider is a refurbished Soviet-era ship, and its whole complement of fighter and floor assault plane are Russian-made or produced in India on license. The Navy’s fighter fleet contains 43 MiG-29K/KUBs, it mentioned.

“4 of the Navy’s 10 guided-missile destroyers are Russian Kashin class, and 6 of its 17 frigates are Russian Talwar class. The Navy’s sole nuclear-powered submarine is on lease from Russia, and eight of the service’s 14 different submarines are Russian-origin Kilo class,” it mentioned.

“Lastly, the Indian Air Drive’s 667-plane FGA fleet is 71 per cent Russian-origin (39 per cent Su-30s, 22 per cent MiG-21s, 9 per cent MiG-29s). All six of the service’s air tankers are Russian-made Il-78s,” CRS report mentioned.

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