New Delhi, September 30
A Supreme Court docket-mandated air pollution management authority has mentioned it “is probably not a viable possibility” to supply an incentive of Rs 100 per quintal of paddy produced to farmers for not burning stubble.
If in any respect obligatory, any such incentive ought to be supplied by state governments from their very own finances, the Surroundings Air pollution (Prevention and Management) Authority advised the apex court docket in a report submitted on Wednesday.
Following the Supreme Court docket guideline to incentivise farmers to cease stubble burning, the governments of Punjab and Haryana final 12 months introduced a bonus of Rs 2,500 an acre for small and marginal farmers.
Farmers say the motivation can assist them cowl the price of gas utilized in working equipment for in-situ administration of stubble.
Final 12 months, the Punjab authorities supplied incentives amounting to Rs 28.51 crore to 31,231 farmers. The state has sought funds from the Centre this 12 months, saying it gained’t have the ability to pay by itself.
The Haryana authorities supplied incentives amounting to Rs 1.63 crore to three,930 farmers final 12 months. This 12 months, it plans to disburse bonuses price Rs 301 crore.
The EPCA report mentioned, “After deliberations, it was discovered that inclusion of value of stubble elimination in MSP (minimal help worth) is probably not a viable possibility.” “It has been agreed that any such incentive, if in any respect obligatory, ought to be supplied by the state authorities from their very own finances,” it mentioned.
EPCA member Sunita Narain mentioned, “Incentive shouldn’t be given to cease folks from doing one thing dangerous.”
“We imagine the farmers could be incentivised in several methods – by giving free equipment or shopping for stubble from them. An incentive for not burning stubble is a perverse incentive. This has been our view for the final three years,” she mentioned.
Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh entice consideration throughout the paddy harvesting season between October 15 and November 15.
Farmers set their fields on hearth to shortly clear off the crop residue left behind after harvesting and earlier than cultivating wheat and potato. It is among the important causes for the alarming spike in air pollution in Delhi-NCR.
Final 12 months, Punjab produced round 20 million tonnes paddy residue. Farmers burnt 9.eight million tonnes of it.
Farmers in Haryana burnt 1.23 million tonnes out of the 7 million tonnes of paddy residue produced.
Regardless of a ban on stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana, farmers proceed to defy it as there’s a brief window between harvesting of paddy and sowing of wheat.
The excessive value of handbook or mechanical administration of straw is a significant cause why farmers select to burn it.
State governments are offering 50 to 80 per cent subsidy to farmers and cooperative societies to purchase fashionable farm gear for in-situ administration of paddy straw, putting in paddy straw-based energy vegetation and working a large consciousness marketing campaign in opposition to stubble burning.
However these measures are but to make any vital impression on the bottom. — PTI