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World Contraception Day 2021: History, theme and significance of global event to raise awareness about family planning

Because the outbreak of the pandemic in 2020, it has negatively impacted the well-being of ladies in a number of methods, together with contraception, household planning and gender-based violence

Representational picture. News18

The worldwide group observes World Contraception Day on 26 September to recognise the best of all {couples} and people to resolve freely and responsibly on the quantity and spacing of their kids. The significance of it was asserted on the Worldwide Convention on Inhabitants and Growth in 1994, and is mirrored within the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Growth beneath goal 3.7. “By 2030, guarantee common entry to sexual and reproductive healthcare companies, together with for household planning, data and training, and the combination of reproductive well being into nationwide methods and programmes”.

Here is the whole lot it’s essential to know concerning the day:

Historical past

The World Contraception Day was first noticed on 26 September in 2007 by ten worldwide household planning organisations to boost consciousness about contraception and to allow {couples} to make an knowledgeable determination concerning beginning a household, so that each being pregnant is needed.

The ten organisations included Asian Pacific Council on Contraception, Centro Latinoamericano Salud y Mujer, European Society of Contraception and Reproductive Well being, German Basis for World Inhabitants, Worldwide Federation of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, Worldwide Deliberate Parenthood Federation, Marie Stopes Worldwide, Inhabitants Companies Worldwide, The Inhabitants Council, The USAID, Girls Ship.

It’s now supported by a coalition of 15 worldwide NGOs, governmental organisations, and scientific and medical societies with an curiosity of spreading the best data about sexual and reproductive well being.

Theme

The theme of the World Contraception Day is “Contraception: it is your life, it is your duty.”

Significance

In creating nations, about 255 million ladies who wish to plan their pregnancies lack entry to fashionable contraceptive strategies. This avoidable threat will increase maternal mortality, which is the main reason for dying amongst ladies of reproductive age. Unintended being pregnant and HIV are two of the best threats to the sexual and reproductive well being of ladies. Girls residing in areas with excessive charges of HIV, lack entry to contraceptive strategies. Consciousness concerning the fashionable contraceptive strategies may also help ladies and {couples} make smart selections that assist enhance the well-being of ladies and the society.

Human Proper

Forward of the World Contraception Day, UN specialists on the Workplace of the United Nations Excessive Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva on 23 September issued the next assertion:

“Entry to household planning and contraception companies, freed from coercion or obstacle, is a part of the best to well being that’s central to ladies’s autonomy and company and key within the realization of ladies’s rights to equality and non-discrimination, life, sexual and reproductive well being rights and different human rights.”

States should respect and shield key ideas of non-discrimination, equality and privateness, in addition to bodily integrity, autonomy, dignity and well-being of people, particularly in relation to sexual and reproductive well being rights.

Key info

  • Among the many 1.9 billion Girls of Reproductive Age group (15-49 years) worldwide in 2019, 1.1 billion have a necessity for household planning; of those, 842 million are utilizing contraceptive strategies, and 270 million have an unmet want for contraception.
  • The proportion of the necessity for household planning happy by fashionable strategies, Sustainable Growth Objectives (SDG) indicator 3.7.1, was 75.7 % globally in 2019, but lower than half of the necessity for household planning was met in Center and Western Africa.
  • Just one contraceptive methodology, condoms, can stop each a being pregnant and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections, together with HIV.
  • Use of contraception advances the human proper of individuals to find out the quantity and spacing of their kids.
  • Contraceptive use is way decrease within the creating nations like Africa
  • Globally, the variety of ladies utilizing contraceptive strategies would enhance by 778 million in 2030
  • One in ten ladies has an unmet want for household planning
  • About 45,000 Indian ladies die as a result of being pregnant and associated issues yearly
  • Lower than half of the married ladies in India use a contemporary methodology of contraception
  • Solely 0.Three % males have undergone sterilisation
  • Solely 5.6 % males use condoms

Why WCD 2021 is extra vital

Because the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, it has negatively impacted the well-being of ladies in a number of methods, together with contraception, household planning and gender-based violence. The implications embrace tens of millions of unintended pregnancies1, 500,000 extra ladies being pressured into marriage, and 31 million extra circumstances of gender-based violence within the first six months of lockdown alone.

These matters have due to this fact change into extra pressing as life circumstances have modified drastically all through the final 12 months. In truth, the progress made prior to now a long time on these issues is strongly vulnerable to being rolled again. The pandemic is deepening pre-existing inequalities and exposing vulnerabilities in social, political, and financial methods of the world.

India

In a rustic like India, WCD assumes much more significance as contraception is essential for inhabitants management, an issue plaguing the nation for fairly a while now. As higher contraception results in higher household planning, which additionally helps many households carry themselves out of poverty.

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