Viral hepatitis is an an infection that may harm the liver by inflicting irritation within the organ. Hepatitis is brought on by many various viruses together with hepatitis A, B, C, D and E virus.
In keeping with the World Well being Organisation, there are hundreds of thousands of individuals dwelling with hepatitis B or C on the earth – two of the most typical causes of power hepatitis.
Nonetheless, there are numerous myths related to the transmission of hepatitis viruses. On World Hepatitis Day, allow us to bust a few of the most typical ones:
Delusion 1: All hepatitis viruses are the identical and unfold equally.
Truth: Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E viruses are completely different they usually have completely different modes of transmission. Hepatitis A and E viruses are unfold via contact with meals and water which will have been contaminated by an contaminated particular person, hepatitis E can be unfold via sure varieties of undercooked meat. The mode of transmission for hepatitis B, C and D viruses is usually via coming involved with an contaminated affected person’s blood.
Delusion 2: Hepatitis A virus is the most typical in Indian adults.
Truth: By the point youngsters in India flip 10 years outdated, about 95% of them take a look at constructive for hepatitis A which signifies that there’s poor sanitation within the nation. Hepatitis E is the most typical hepatitis an infection in Indian adults and the principle cause for that is the consumption of avenue meals.
Delusion 3: Hepatitis is a genetic illness.
Truth: Hepatitis is just not a genetic or hereditary illness. Hepatitis B could also be transmitted from a mom to her youngster whereas giving delivery. Nevertheless, it may be prevented if the standing of the virus is thought and immunoglobulin (antibodies) is given 12 hours earlier than the delivery of the kid.
Delusion 4: All sufferers with Acute Viral Hepatitis (AVH) have jaundice.
Truth: Absence of jaundice doesn’t essentially rule out the potential for the viral hepatitis an infection. Typically, solely signs comparable to fever, vomiting and poor urge for food are seen in an individual.
Delusion 5: Vaccines can be found towards all varieties of hepatitis viruses.
Truth: Vaccines are solely out there for hepatitis A and B.
Delusion 6: Getting hepatitis A makes one proof against the opposite varieties of hepatitis.
Truth: If a affected person will get hepatitis A, then they’re solely proof against hepatitis A for a lifetime. Nevertheless, she or he can nonetheless get contaminated with different varieties of hepatitis viruses.
Delusion 7: Hepatitis sufferers ought to solely devour boiled and bland meals.
Truth: Diet is vital for a hepatitis affected person. Nevertheless, in contrast to the frequent notion, these sufferers may be fed no matter they want. Although, sugarcane juice, bitter gourd, radish and glucose answer are usually not really helpful.
Delusion 8: Breastfeeding is unsafe when contaminated with hepatitis.
Truth: Breast milk can not unfold any of the hepatitis viruses and due to this fact, breastfeeding throughout hepatitis is completely secure.
Delusion 9: It’s secure to devour alcohol as soon as jaundice disappears in a hepatitis affected person.
Truth: Alcohol needs to be prevented for no less than 6 months after hepatitis A and E an infection because the liver takes roughly six months to completely recuperate. Nevertheless, individuals who develop power hepatitis B or C ought to keep away from alcohol for his or her whole lifetime.
Delusion 10: Hepatitis is a illness that can’t be handled.
Truth: Some varieties of hepatitis may be recovered from with out intervention, however typically it may result in scarring of the liver, wherein case, sufferers should relaxation and take correct treatment and keep away from alcohol. Medical doctors could prescribe antiviral brokers to such sufferers.
It needs to be famous that hepatitis may be prevented by taking varied precautions like washing your fingers often and taking a vaccine. Nevertheless, the prevention utterly will depend on the kind of Hepatitis an infection an individual has.
This text was written by Dr Vivek Vij, Director, Liver Transplant, Fortis Escorts Coronary heart Institute, Okhla Street.
For extra data, learn our article on Hepatitis.
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