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World Rhino Day 2021: History, Significance and Interesting Facts

With its thick gray pores and skin and conspicuous horn on its snout, nearly each child within the globe ought to have the ability to recognise this magnificent creature — the rhinoceros. Nonetheless, it’s critically endangered within the wild and is on the verge of extinction until something is completed to save lots of this species. Consequently, World Rhino Day is widely known on September 22. It goals to make folks extra privy to rhinos and preserve what’s left of those great creatures.

Yearly on September 22, the world honours the 5 species of rhinos. The 5 rhino species are Black, White, Higher One-horned, Sumatran, and Javan. People’ want for rhinoceros’ distinctive horns has pushed all 5 of the world’s totally different rhinoceros species to the brink of extinction. The horns are in excessive demand as a consequence of their therapeutic qualities.

The bigger one-horned rhino, typically often called the Indian rhino, is growing in quantity in India because of conservation initiatives. (Representational picture: Shutterstock)

The IUCN lists the one-horned rhino, also called the Indian rhinoceros, as a weak species. The animal is primarily discovered within the Himalayan foothills — India and Nepal.

Historical past of World Rhino Day

As early as the start of the 1990s, the African rhino subject, notably the black rhino disaster in Zimbabwe, grew to become nicely recognised and folks started to be apprehensive.

By 2010, it was clear that the rhinoceros’ probably harmful future was nonetheless unknown to many individuals all through the world. In response to the worsening of the scenario, the World Wildlife Fund-South Africa declared World Rhino Day in 2010.

The day grew to become a worldwide success only one yr later. In 2011, a woman known as Lisa Jane Campbell despatched an e-mail inviting a fellow rhino fanatic Rhishja to see the world’s 5 rhino species survive and be there for coming generations. World Rhino Day has develop into a worldwide sensation, thanks to those two great girls, and has been an incredible success.

Yearly since then, NGOs, zoos, involved folks, and wildlife teams all through the world have come collectively to mark the World Rhino Day.

Significance of the day

Rhinos have been previously prevalent all all through Eurasia and Africa. Round 500,000 rhinos roamed the globe within the early twentieth century. The Javan and Sumatran rhinoceros are extremely endangered in Asia. There are simply 58 to 68 Javan rhinos left on the planet.

A Javan rhino subspecies was declared extinct in 2011. Solely 80 Sumatran rhinos are left right this moment. The black rhino is likewise on the verge of extinction. White rhinos are essentially the most quite a few of the 5 rhino species, with round 20,000 within the wild.

The bigger one-horned rhino, typically often called the Indian rhino, is growing in quantity in India because of conservation initiatives. There are presently round 3,500 of those rhinos. They’re, nonetheless, nonetheless regarded prone. So, whereas India’s rhino numbers are doing nicely, there are undoubtedly extra to be saved.

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